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Archive for October, 2009

About two years ago some local Florida manatee lovers took some disturbing video of tourists and tour guides pestering manatees. Tracy Colson and Steve Kingry posted shots on YouTube of tour guides holding manatees so that tourists could touch them. Some tourists also kicked them and tried to sit on the sea cows. Finally, about two years later, something might actually be done to protect this endangered species whose population has dwindled to about 3,000 from Florida hooligans.

Spurred on by the videos, this summer the Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) officially asked the Fish and Wildlife Service to ban “Swim with Manatee” programs. Tourists aren’t supposed to get within 50 yards of dolphins or 100 yards of whales in NOAA’s (voluntary) guidelines for those tour operators. But at least there is some enforcement for whale boats. NOAA also won’t let tour operators show ads that have people interacting with, chasing, petting or riding whale or dolphins in the Dolphin Sense and Whale Smart programs. So how can tours advertise swimming with the far more endangered manatee?

Before I had heard about any of this going on in Florida, I saw ads online for sleazy outfits around Cancun that advertised Swim With Manatees programs. Yuck, I thought. Don’t people know that manatees (or any animals) don’t want to be forced to swim with them. But I had no idea there were plenty of places in Florida getting away with it, too. Then I read an incredible story travel writer Andrew Mersmann did for Passport Magazine last year about Florida manatee tours that end up harassing manatees.

Mersmann says people in the industry know exactly which are the bad ones. He went on both to see what was really going on. The captain of one tour told the groups: “It’s a good day if you see a manatee, but it’s not a great day unless you touch one.”  You are, of course, not supposed to pet the manatees any more than you’re supposed to cuddle a polar bear. The difference is manatees can’t fight back. And even when they try to get away, videos posted on YouTube show, the tour guides restrain them so the tourists can play.

What’s wrong with swimming with manatees? Morally, if you bother manatees, they stop what they’re doing. Manatees don’t have frivolous hobbies; whatever they’re doing, they need to do it to survive. They’re an endangered species. They need to eat grass, nurse from their mothers, sleep, come up to the surface to breathe.

Legally pestering, holding, riding, kicking manatees–again, all documented–is a violation of Florida state law, the Endangered Species and the Marine Mammal Protection Act, which bans “taking” a manatee. Taking is defined doing anything on purpose or by negligence “to harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect, or to attempt to engage in any such conduct.” It goes on to clarify that it includes “the restraint or detention of a marine mammal, no matter how temporary…causing disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering.”

The Marine Mammal Commission has recommended not allowing people to approach within 10 feet of manatees. (If they come to you, that’s fine. And that’s exactly what skilled manatee watchers say will happend if people would just be patient.) The manatees, Mersmann writes often leave lagoons as soon as the tour boats show up.

In August the Fish and Wildlife Service basically said no to the request to ban the programs, reasoning, more or less, that harassing manatees was already illegal. And that they could only provide some protections to threatened animals and since manatees are already endangered–a notch worse–they’re out of luck.

“They saw that harasment of mantees is illegal,” says PEER staff attorney Christine Erickson. “What they’re allowing people to do is causing harassment.” So PEER is going to take the FWS to court. They want to get more sanctuaries set up and ban the swim with programs in the winter, which the manatees need to be in the warm shallow water to survive. The sanctuaries are small areas with the warmest water where manatees can go and people can’t. The manatees know that and retreat there when they get tired of people. Let’s hope this

Let’s hope this finally means the manatees will get a break.

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A century after the cougar officially disappeared from Kansas, an alert hunter on a tree stand got several photos that for the first time since 1904 prove there’s a live mountain lion in the state since 1904. This may set off another round of what Jeff Beringer, a biologist with the state of Missouri, told the Wall Street Journal was “cougar hysteria.” As the population of mountain lions grows in the west and expands east, biologists at the Cougar Network are mapping the stunning number of confirmed sightings that now hit every state west of the Mississippi and eight states east of it, including Illinois, New York and Maine.

The Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks made the confirmation just through the photo–they didn’t find any scat, hair, tracks or other traces. The hunter snapped seven pictures in the brief moments the cat examined bait corn–moments in which most big cat witnesses don’t think clearly enough to grab their camera. A Department spokesman Mark Shoup says the cougar never stopped walking and left the area after he looked up at the hunter. According to McClatchy newspapers, the hunter took the pictures on Oct. 12 in northwest WaKeeney in Trego County.

Many cougars have been seen by people in Kansas in the last couple decades, even though the closest established population is in Colorado, hundreds of miles away. Audubon of Kansas has been keeping track of all the potential mountain lion sightings and rumored shootings. One big cat was confirmed (legally) killed a couple years ago. But one dead cougar doesn’t mean that there are any left in the population. Especially since bachelor cats are known to roam hundreds of miles looking for a female.

Other states are sure to get more of these successful sightings as years go by. Kansans have been so firmly convinced that they had mountain lions already, they’re probably not going to go cougar hysterical about it.

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Ilya, the missing manatee, may be headed the wrong way–back up to New York City, instead of down south to Florida and the warm water he needs to survive. Someone saw what they thought was a manatee near Bayonne, NJ, but by the time rescuers came out, there was no animal, says Bob Schoelkopf, founding director of Brigantine’s Marine Mammal Stranding Center, which would rescue Ilya if they could just find and catch him.

FWC photo by Tom Reinert

Ilya, who is 16 and known for his missing tail chunk and a white scar on his head, befuddled scientists by swimming from his native Miami all the way up to Cape Cod this summer. Now he needs to get to waters at least 68 degrees–the Carolinas at this time of year–or he could die.

The last time anyone definitely saw Ilya was when he ate a crate of lettuce from biologists outside the Conoco Phillips refinery in Linden, NJ, last Friday. Then he disappeared into the dark, cold waters of the Arthur Kill, the 10-mile tidal estuary between New Jersey and Staten Island. If that was him near Bayonne, that puts him in the Kill Van Kull, a shorter passage that’s a few miles closer to the Statue of Liberty, Manhattan and the heavy traffic of the Port of Newark.

But rescuers are dubious it really was Ilya. It’s not so much that they think there’s a second manatee up here–though one did spend the summer in Raritan Bay. Schoelkopf says he didn’t get the spotter’s name (and manatee identification credentials) and the call came in eight hours after the supposed encounter. Marine creatures can just be hard to ID. “I’ve had Coast Guard people tell me there’s a whale and calf trying to get up a waterfall and we get there and it’s two logs,” he says. Manatees are such a rare sight, people–especially northerners–could easily get it wrong. When seals turn up in winter, Schoelkopf says, he gets calls about “sea lions, walruses, anything.”

Ilya was drawn to Linden by the plant’s warm water discharge, so Schoelkopf called four power plants on the Jersey Shore to ask them to look out for Ilya. In Florida, power plants have become such a popular hang-out in the winter, biologists from Florida’s Fish and Wildlife Commission use the gathering to take a census. The New Jersey plants area already on the look-out for stranded sea turtles, who are also drawn to their warm water, Schoelkopf explains. (A rare and endangered Green Sea Turtle recently turned up in Rumson with cold shock, he says.) In northern New Jersey, the Linden plant is the only one.

If anyone does see the manatee, the stranding network is ready to go with a net at a moment’s notice. They have a salt water they put on the ideal manatee temperature of 74 this week just for Ilya. If they can catch him, they’ll bring him to Brigantine and warm him up for a few days before getting him to Florida, probably by an awaiting Coast Guard cargo plane.

If you see the manatee, call the Marine Mammal Stranding Center’s 24-hour number: (609) 266-0538. Try to take a picture and email it to mmsc@verizon.net

Wanna see a manatee not in danger? Try these places.

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Is it the horny, endangered parrot, pointed out by Zoologix? (This flightless Kakapo name Sirocco was hand-raised and imprinted on people. So it’s only natural he wants to hook-up with people. Watch out, he’s looking for more friends on facebook)

Or the spiteful dolphins, who flick jellyfish out of the sea at every opportunity?

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Ilya, the manatee that reappeared off Staten Island Thursday–way too far north for his safety–has gone missing again, thwarting any attempt to rescue him from the cold waters. Ilya ate a whole case of lettuce “and was last seen going back into the river,” says Chuck Underwood, a spokesman for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. “This was late yesterday afternoon, and there’s been no sighting of the animal since then.”

Ilya, a 16-year-old manatee distinguished by his boat scars (a white one on his head and a missing chunk of tail), surprised biologists this summer by migrating all the way up to Cape Cod from his Florida home. Now he’s racing the cold weather–and seems to have been entranced by the false promise of warmth from the warm water run-off of an oil refinery in Elizabeth, NJ. The spot that he’s at is warm enough, says Underwood, but the rest of the Arthur Kill tidal estuary dips below his requisite 68 degrees. That means he should be in North Carolina by now, according to NOAA’s water temperature map. That’s about 200 miles, or three or four days manatee travel.

Biologists figured Ilya was safely headed to warmer waters after he wasn’t seen since an appearance in Milford, CT, on September  26. Then he showed up in a heavily industrial area. Underwood won’t say exactly where–but it’s guarded private property anyway.

The Brigantine Marine Mammal Stranding Station has plans to rescue him–if they can find him and catch him. Rescuers typically keep manatees at risk in place by offering them food and the fresh water they crave. But that sometimes has the effect of buoying their spirits so much they take off. The rescuers were put off by the bad weather Saturday–and had other rescues to do.

Want to See a Manatee in the Wild? Check out this map and list of places.

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 Ilya, the manatee who swam all the way up to Cape Cod from Florida this summer, may need to be rescued today from the stormy, cold waters off Elizabeth, NJ, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service spokesman Chuck Underwood says. The endangered 1,000-pound manatee was positively identified yesterday from photos taken near a refinery in Elizabeth, a heavily industrial part of New York harbor near Staten Island.

For weeks biologists and manatee lovers wondered where Ilya was, hoping he was making it back down to Florida, where manatees need to spend the winter to keep warm enough. He was last seen in Milford, CT, on September 26. So, everyone figured–or at least hoped–that he would be down at least around the Carolinas by now.

Then yesterday, Underwood says, the Wildlife Service got a call: “We’ve got your manatee.” A quick consultation with U.S. Geological Survey NOAA, which keeps an elaborate database of 2,000-some manatees known by their boating scars, confirmed it was Ilya. His run in with boats have made him easy to ID: he has a big chunk taken out of his tail and a white scar on his head. Nicole Adimey, who runs the manatee rescue and rehabilitation program says that he still is relatively lucky for a manatee: he’s never before had to be brought in for treatment.

Right now the wildlife service is trying to keep Ilya in place at a private, undisclosed refinery while a Nor’easter storm blows through. He was attracted to the spot because the run-off makes it warm. It’s about 70 degrees right in his microclimate, Underwood says. Meanwhile the rest of the harbor, as you can see from this water temperature map, is dipping into the 50s and 60s. They’ve authorized the people at the private refinery to give Ilya vegetables and a hose for fresh water in hopes that will make him stay put. They have a net and may attempt a rescue today, Underwood says.

They can move quickly because a nearby stranding network facility has a heated, in ground salt water pool available for him. They’ll be able to assess his health and see if he’s ready for transport back down to Florida.
taken. Although the 70-degree water around the factory run-off is warm enough, if he leaves that heated area, he’ll be in trouble in the cold water nearby.
 
The rescues can be dangerous–mainly because by the time they are tried the manatees are usually in trouble. Last year the wildlife service captured Dennis, a smaller, weaker manatee in Dennis, MA, and trucked him down to Florida, only to have him die just as he arrived to a rescue facility. Let’s hope Ilya does better.

Want to See a Manatee in the Wild? Check out this map and list of places.

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More than 20 years ago, Ben Bressler first got the idea of taking tourists to see the whitecoats, the adorable white baby harp seals, which are famous for their brutal slaughter the on Canadian ice floes. Bressler, along with IFAW, figured if he could find a way to make more money off showing off seals than killing them, he could change their thinking.

“It’s a much bigger issue there than the actual revenue,” Bressler says. “The rest of Canada has nothing to do with hunting, but feels that Americans shouldn’t be sticking their nose into their business.”

So, he started bringing tourists. Decades later, both tourists and hunters still visit the baby seals. But Bressler’s tours have gradually eroded the defiant enthusiasm for the seal hunt. In a world increasingly covered with identical suburban sprawl, the Magdelan Islands profit by drawing people to a place that looks completely different and has something no one can copy. No corporation can open up a franchise of its seal pup nursery in Times Square. The seal tours were just the first of Bressler’s animal journeys: now he runs Natural Habitat Adventures, which takes tiny groups to secluded areas where animals live in the wild.

But to get there, Bressler first had to tackle all of the logistics and politics of the seal hunt. About 70% of the the hunting happens on “the Front,” the wildly inacessable sea off Newfoundland and Labrador. But the pictures and protest focus on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which, by comparison with the Front, is only moderately inaccessible. Hunters go out in late March on Gulf of St. Lawrence and in early April on the Front. The hunters on the Front tend to shoot seals from big commercial vessels that can go long distances. The St. Lawrence hunters tend ride out i the freezing water in rowboats, which they have to haul over ice, to reach the seals, which they club to death.

Obviously, neither the winter cruise from Newfoundland nor the rowboat tour of freezing St. Lawrence was going to appeal to tourists. So, Bressler first tried to helicopter the seal lovers in from Prince Edward Island, but when that proved too far, he launched them from Ille de Madeleine, a tiny island outpost of Quebec, where some seal hunters live.

And he offered the seal hunters another job. If they didn’t hunt seals at all that season, they could work for him in a more comfortable job, taking Americans, Europeans and Japanese to the seals. The money worked out about the same–about $3,000 a season. But, Bressler offered a steady check–without the risk of a poor season or blowing too much money getting to the port in Nova Scotia. Bressler knows that groups like HarpSeals.org call for a boycott of all Canadian tourism. They single out the seals tours specifically because they employ hunters or former hunters. Bressler just says that the environmental movement needs all kinds of helpers and viewpoints.

At first the little community, whose tourist industry basically shuts down in winter, suspected the groups were animal activists in disuise. “They were not vey welcoming at first,” he says. He wanted to convince them they were “really there just to see seals not protest and bring an alternative source of revenue. Gradually they started to trust us.”

The baby seals are completely docile and trusting–which is what makes the hunt so easy and so revolting at the same time. Their trust also means visitors go right up to the seals, just like they were on the Galápagos. (Canadians are quick to point out that they banned hunting the pups under 2 weeks with the valuable white coats  in 1987, but Sea Shepherd points out that just waiting until they molt into an uglier coat at 2-4 weeks doesn’t make it any more humane.)

The hunt is going on at the same time, but Bressler takes care to steer clear, usually going to more distant ice. One time his helicopter was rerouted over the hunting site and he did get to see the gore. He and his passengers were understandably upset.

The tours, he says, have fallen off as the protests have calmed down. The operation was never terribly profitable anyway, he says. March used to be called Seal Hunt Season but know it’s known as Seal Watch Season. “The younger people from the islands have lost the taste for this way of living,” he says. The dozens of tourists who visit every year have got to have played a part in that shift.

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When I heard of biologists using manatees’ many boat scars to tell them apart, I pictured a fast CSI-like computer sorting flippers like fingerprints until, seconds later, MATCH flashed on the screen. Unfortunately, says wildlife biologist Cathy Beck, who runs the program for the U.S. Geological Survey, it’s a lot more slow and still requires a human to make a match. (Cops say the same thing about fingerprint matching, too.)

“Years ago we looked at various software,” she says. “It’s way out of the kind of budget we’d ever get.”

So the Geological Survey mantains a meticulous database of 2,200 known manatees known as the Manatee Photo Identification System (MIPS). Of those 300 are known to be dead. With a U.S. population roughly estimated at about 3,000 to 4,000, that could be half the population. But the facts about manatees and their populations are so uncertain that Beck doesn’t like to speculate.

Instead, she’s trying to make sure everything in the database is certain. So, she only allows in manatees that have at least two distinguishing features. There has to be pictures of each manatee’s tail, back and each side. In theory that could be done with just four pictures, she says “but that’s never happened.” And then the match has to be verified by two humans. Complicating the process, manatees are constantly aquiring new injuries and changing their appearance. “We need to keep up,” Beck says. “A new injury may obliterate an old feature.”

  • At least two distinguishing features
  • Clear pictures of the tail, back and each side
  • Match verified by two humans
  • Wounds have to be healed because they change appearance so much

People may think they’ve seen their favorite manatee, but Beck demands proof: “People are always saying ‘I saw so-and-so,’ but I ask ‘where’s your picture?'”

Complicating matter, she has a number of what she calls “twins,” manatees whose scars are nearly identical. Others, like Ilya, the manatee that recently trekked to Cape Cod and is–we hope–heading on his way down to Florida, ares easy to ID in photos, Beck says. Ilya has a distinctive chunk taken out of his tail and a white scar on his forehead. The head scar is handy for trackers to pick him out when he sticks his head up by docks up and down the East Coast. The fact that he visits docks, however, doesn’t set him apart. Since manatees need to live on the coast, with its mix of salt, brackish and fresh water, they’re naturally around docks. “That’s just what manatees in Florida do,” she says.

Because she only allows complete matches in the system, she has lots of photos that come in that are just sorted by body part, waiting for a match. “We may follow one animal for years and only get its back. We may follow one animal for years and only get its tail,” she says. “And then we find out its the same one.”

Some animals aren’t spotted for a long time. Chessie, the manatee famous for migrating to New England in the 90s, hasn’t been seen since 2001. But, they haven’t found his carcass, either. They once had a manatee that stayed out of pictures for 14 years, then was spotted again. Manatees can live 50 or 60 years, so even the pictures she has of manatees dating back to the ’70s could still be out there.

Some manatees stay out of the database by being clean of scars, while others continually get banged up. Beck has noticed that females are more apt to get entangled in fishing lines around their flippers.

And Beck is hoping to build on the database. The USGS still has thousands of pictures people send in yet to be sorted. And she’d like to track genetics, but already knows the small population is closely related. That will help eventually not only track individuals but help biologists make the population healthy.

Want to See a Manatee in the Wild? Check out this map and list of places.

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The last time anyone saw Ilya the manatee on Sept. 25, he was hanging around the docks of Milford, CT, (the middle of the state’s coast) presumably headed towards New York City and then the warm water he needs in Florida. I got to write a fun story about Ilya for New York Magazine and to talk to a bunch of manatee rescuers, identifiers and caretakers along the way.

Ilya may have already passed New York since Milford is only 60-some miles away. Manatees normally only swim about 3 mph–aside from short burst of up to 20 mph–and they sleep half the day.

If Ilya turns out to be hanging out in New England still, he’s in trouble. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service might try to rescue him if he lingers. Last year they tried to save Dennis the manatee from Dennis, MA, by trucking him 27 hours to Florida in the back of a rental truck, surrounded by a heating blanket and medical care. He died, but Nicole Adimey, who runs the USFWS rescue program, says that he was in bad shape to start; they can truck manatees around the country. “They’re pretty resiilent animals, actually,” she says. They would’ve grabbed him sooner if he stayed in one place.  Terry Clen, the Dennis harbor master, says Adimey instructed him to do what is normally forbidden with manatees: give him a hose to keep him happy and in place.

Clen says this year Ilya looked healthier and so Adimey told him to be sure the manatee didn’t get food or drink so he’d keep moving. Clen says the toughest part of New York harbor (aside from the busy boat traffic) will be Hell Gate, the narrow passage to the East River with tough currents.
We only know of a handful of manatees making it through New York harbor. In 1995, biologists were so alarmed to see a manatee as far north as Chesapeake Bay they named him Chessie and flew him home. Tagged, he went up up the next two years, reaching Rhode Island and passing right by the Statue of Liberty, says Cathy Beck, a wildlife biologist who runs the manatee identification program for the USGS.
About every other year since, a manatee spotted north of the Chesapeake and all of the ones they’ve ID’d have been males, Beck says. In 2006, one popped up next to Chelsea Piers, then near the Tappan Zee Bridge in Westchester. Did he miss the turn for Long Island Sound? Maybe–but a manatee did make it to Cape Cod that year. And manatees have been spotted by Montauk, meaning they bypassed Manhattan.
Manatees were spotted in the Chesapeake in the 1800s, Beck says. Did they used to come here before we killed them all? Is global warming letting them push north? Are these just bachelors looking far and wide for a female? Or is Florida getting crowded with manatees because they’ve recovered so much? All of those are going theories, but nobody knows.
Becks, like all manatee scientists, likes to emphasize how little we know about the endangered, enigmatic species everyone loves. We don’t know why they travel or how many there are–or were. We think it’s 4,000 or so and numbers are up. But, Save the Manatee doesn’t want anyone to get too self-congratulatory about manatee recovery.
Becks was surprised when she figured out it was Ilya heading north. She’s seen pictures of him for years–all either around Miami, where he was first sighted with his mom in 1994, or more recently in the Keys. Already a boat propeller had taken a hunk of his tail. Ilya played with another manatee calf named Napolean, so a biologist who was a fan of The Man from Uncle named him Ilya. The next year he took a boat in the forehead, which left him with a white circle there. Those make him easy to identify. Biologists know he’s tried to mate, says Becks. But since male manatees for a mating herd that chases a female, we don’t know if he was successful.

The few manatees that have ventured north have peculiarly stopped at the same towns (Dennis, MA; Port Judith, RI, for example) and in some cases even visited the same storm drains for a freshwater drink.”We’re seeing them at the same places because those are the best places for manatees,” says Becks–not because they’re following a trail. They can detect subtle differences in how warm or salty water is. They need to live close to the shore to eat leaves and stay warm in winter. That means they’re around boat docks in Florida. “It’s not unusual for Ilya to come into a marina,” Becks says. “That’s just what manatees in Florida do.”

We may never know how Ilya’s journey home went. One manatee went 14 years between sightings, Beck says. Or he could pop back up at the dock he drank from in New Jersey. I hope somebody sees him soon and it’s down south.

Want to see manatees? Your best bet is by power plants in Florida in the winter. Check out this map of where to see manatees and other unusual animals.

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Think that smiling dolphin is happy to see you? Think again. If you’re looking at brochures for Florida’s hundreds of dolphin tours, you and the dolphin may be better off if don’t fall for the smiley dolphin tour ads. That familiar pose is really a dolphin begging for food–something wild dolphins shouldn’t do, says Jessica R. Powell, biologist from the National Marine Fisheries Service.

“It’s a very unnatural behavior,” says Powell. “You never see a wild dolphin doing this unless it’s fed or conditioned to people. It’s actually an indication of a number of problems” with how people are treating that dolphin.
That’s why the Fisheries Service voluntary guidelines for tours, Dolphin Smart, bans the begging dolphin grin pictures in ads–along with anything else that gives you the idea you’re going to be hanging out with some wild dolphins that will be thrilled to make your acquaintance. The program’s main thrust is about not disturbing the dolphins. Operators go through training, learning keep respectful 50 yards from dolphins, learn signs that they’re getting annoyed with you (they may “chuff”–a kind of angry dolphin huff–for example) and put their engines in neutral when a dolphin approaches. Plus, they have to teach the public about dolphins.

But teaching tourists dolphin etiquitte is a hard in market where hundreds of tours compete for tourists. Powell recently counted 107 outfits doing tours just on the west coast of Florida from Tampa south. For 66, dolphins are their primary business. The task isn’t made any easier by all the programs to “swim with dolphins.”

What tourists may not realize is that the dolphins in pictures smiling, dancing or hauling adults around are captive and trained. And those interactions greatly stress them, behavioral biologist Toni Frohoff has found. Frohoff, director of research at TerraMar Research and Trans-Species Institute of Learning has found that people overestimate their ability to read dolphins.

“An open jaw display might look like a laugh,” she writes in Dolphin Mysteries. “but to the trained observer, this conveys agitation or aggression.” Plus, they may have been caught in places like Taiji, where dolphins are also slaughtered, as The Cove showed.

Even though the ads are just a small part of the program, they’re the biggest reason tour guides say no, Powell says. To display the Dolphin Smart sticker, the tour companies can’t show or describe people touching, swimming or communicating with dolphins–or dolphins begging. “Typical dolphin begging behavior generally entails an animal that approaches people in a begging pose, with its head fully out of the water,” the guidelines say.

Powell hopes to expand the Dolphin Smart program, which started with four Florida tour groups in the Keys in 2007, to a broader area.Preliminary research shows both the dolphins and the Dolphin Smart tours doing better. Meanwhile, before the program spreads, watch out for that smiling dolphin. It may be a sign that either the operator isn’t treating dolphins right or that they’re overpromising what you’ll see. Either way, something to avoid.

Want to See Dolphins Around the Country?

Where Can You See More Animals in the Southeast?

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